L-Citrulline: L-citrulline is a naturally occurring amino acid found in food, such as watermelon. It is also made naturally in the body. The body changes L-citrulline into another amino acid called L-arginine and also to a chemical called nitric oxide. L-citrulline might help increase the supply of ingredients the body needs to make certain proteins. It might also help open up veins and arteries to improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure.
Dextrose: Dextrose is the name of simple sugar that is made from corn and is chemically identical to glucose, or blood sugar. Dextrose is dissolved in solutions that are given intravenously, which can be combined with other drugs, or used to increase a person’s blood sugar. Because dextrose is a “simple” sugar, the body can quickly use it for energy.
Sodium Bicarbonate: Sodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acid. It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach. Sodium bicarbonate is a very quick-acting antacid. It should be used only for temporary relief.
Sodium Chloride: Sodium chloride (NaCl), also known as salt, is an essential compound our body uses to absorb and transport nutrients, maintain blood pressure, maintain the right balance of fluid, transmit nerve signals, contract and relax muscles.
L-Tyrosine: L-Tyrosine is an amino acid found in the diet that is metabolized to produce catecholamines such as dopamine and adrenaline. It is also used in the production of thyroid hormones. For these reasons, weight loss and pre-workout supplements often include it.
Alpha GPC: Alpha-GPC seems to increase a chemical in the brain called acetylcholine. This brain chemical is important for memory and learning functions.
Organic Lion’s Mane (Hericium Erinaceus) Mushroom Powder: Research has found that the lion’s mane may protect against dementia, reduce mild symptoms of anxiety and depression, and help repair nerve damage. It also has strong anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immune-boosting abilities and been shown to lower the risk of heart disease, cancer, ulcers, and diabetes in animals.
Dendrobium Nobile Extract: Dendrobium is showing up in pre-workout supplements used to boost physical and athletic performance. Some experts are claiming that dendrobium will be the next hot stimulant supplement. Some are touting it as a replacement for the stimulant Dimethylamylamine (DMAA).
Eria Jarensis (N-Phenethyl-Dimethylamine Citrate) Extract: N, N-Dimethylphenethylamine (N, N-DMPEA) is a substituted phenethylamine that is used as a flavoring agent. It is an alkaloid that was first isolated from the orchid Eria Jarensis. Its aroma is described as “sweet, fishy”. It is mainly used in cereal, cheese, dairy products, fish, fruit, and meat. It is also being used in pre-workout and bodybuilding supplements with claims of a stimulant effect.
Velvet Bean (Mucuna Pruriens) Extract: Mucuna Pruriens is an established herbal drug used for the management of male infertility, nervous disorders, and also as an aphrodisiac. M. Pruriens has been shown to have antiparkinson and neuroprotective effects, which may be related to its antioxidant activity.
Beta-Alanine: Beta-alanine is commonly used by mouth for improving athletic performance and building lean muscle mass in younger adults, and improving physical performance in elderly adults.
Caffeine Anhydrous: Caffeine anhydrous is becoming more popular as a supplement for weight loss and improved athletic performance. It is also present in food products such as caffeinated gum and energy bars. Anhydrous means without water and caffeine anhydrous is a processed, dehydrated form of caffeine.
Astragalus Membranaceus Extract: Astragalus is a natural dietary supplement that’s used for various health conditions. For instance, it’s used to treat the common cold, upper respiratory infections, fibromyalgia, and diabetes. Some proponents of astragalus use it for its possible heart benefits. They claim it may protect against heart disease. It’s also used to help improve overall weakness.
Panax Notoginseng Extract: Panax Notoginseng might relax blood vessels. This would improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure. Some of the chemicals in Panax Notoginseng might reduce swelling and protect the heart.
AstraGin: AstraGin® supports increased absorption of a wide range of nutrients from amino acids, to omega-3s, to creatine, to even CBD.